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New Jersey Contract for Deed Law

Contract for Deed – General – New Jersey

Related New Jersey Legal Forms

NEW JERSEY STATUTES
TITLE 46 PROPERTY
SUBTITLE 1 DEFINITIONS AND CONSTRUCTION
CHAPTER 1 DEFINITIONS

46:1-1. Words and phrases defined

As used in this title, except where the context clearly indicates a contrary intent, the terms “county recording officer” and “office of the county recording officer” mean the register of deeds and mortgages and his office in counties having such an officer and office, and the county clerk and his office in the other counties.

NEW JERSEY STATUTES
TITLE 46 PROPERTY
SUBTITLE 1 DEFINITIONS AND CONSTRUCTION
CHAPTER 2 CONSTRUCTION AND EFFECT

46:2-1. Titles, rights and interests preserved

Nothing in this title contained shall in any way affect, abridge or abrogate any title to or rights or interests in any real estate or personal property lawfully given, acquired and existing at the time when the Revised Statutes take effect.

46:2-2 Frauds or forgeries not validated

Nothing in this title contained shall be construed to make good, valid or effectual any fraud or forgery, made or used in or about any powers of agency, letters of attorney, deeds, writings or records, last wills or testaments, bargains and sales, or other conveyances of estates of inheritance, grounded thereupon.

46:2-3 Registry of mortgages not affected

Nothing in this title contained providing for or requiring the recording of any deed or instrument in full shall be construed to affect or impair the effect of any mortgage or the registry thereof which has been or shall be registered as provided by chapter 17 of this title (s. 46:17-1 et seq.).

NEW JERSEY STATUTES
TITLE 46 PROPERTY
SUBTITLE 1A REAL AND PERSONAL PROPERTY
CHAPTER 2A POWERS OF APPOINTMENT

46:2A-1. Power of appointment; release or contract not to exercise authorized

A person to whom any legal or equitable power of appointment, whether coupled with an interest or not, is given, may, by deed, release, or covenant or contract not to exercise, the power.

L.1943, c. 57, p. 253, s. 1, eff. March 29, 1943.

46:2A-2 Release as to whole or part of property; manner of release

Said person may release such power:

(a) with respect either to the whole, or to any part, of the property subject thereto;

(b) in such manner as to reduce the number of, or to limit, the persons or objects, or classes of persons or objects, to whom or for whose benefit an appointment otherwise might be made thereunder.

L.1943, c. 57, p. 253, s. 2.

46:2A-3 Contract not to exercise power

Said person may covenant or contract not to exercise such power:

(a) with respect to a part only of the property subject thereto;

(b) in favor of any persons or objects, or classes of persons or objects, to whom or for whose benefit an appointment otherwise might be made, other than a reduced or limited number of persons or objects, or classes of persons or objects.

L.1943, c. 57, p. 253, s. 3.

46:2A-4 Application of act to what powers and instruments

This act shall apply to powers of appointment created by instruments coming into operation either before or after this act takes effect; provided, that it shall not apply where such instrument expressly prohibits a release of, or covenant, or contract not to exercise, such power.

L.1943, c. 57, p. 254, s. 4.

46:2A-5 Deed, covenant or contract where power is created; acknowledgment; filing

Such deed, covenant or contract, where the power has been or shall be created by:

(a) a last will and testament, shall be acknowledged in the same manner as conveyances of land, and shall be recorded in the office of the surrogate of the county in which such last will and testament was admitted to probate, or in the office of the Clerk of the Superior Court, if such will was admitted to probate in that court or before the ordinary. Said deed, covenant or contract, or a copy thereof, shall be filed with the fiduciary or fiduciaries under said will, if such there be;

(b) a conveyance recorded in an office where conveyances of lands are recorded, shall be acknowledged in the same manner as such conveyances, and shall be recorded in such office;

(c) a nontestamentary instrument of trust shall be filed with the fiduciary or fiduciaries of such trust;

(d) an unrecorded nontestamentary instrument containing a power of appointment where the property subject to the power is not under the control of a fiduciary, shall be acknowledged in the same manner as conveyances of lands and shall be recorded in the office of the clerk or register of deeds and mortgages of the county in which the donee of the power of appointment resides.

L.1943, c. 57, p. 254, s. 5. Amended by L.1953, c. 44, p. 820, s. 1, eff. March 19, 1953.

NEW JERSEY STATUTES
TITLE 46 PROPERTY
SUBTITLE 1A REAL AND PERSONAL PROPERTY
CHAPTER 2F. RULE AGAINST PERPETUITIES

46:2F-9. Rule against perpetuities

No interest created in real or personal property shall be void by reason of any rule against perpetuities, whether the common law rule or otherwise. The common law rule against perpetuities shall not be in force in this State.

L.1999,c.159,s.13.

46:2F-10 Permissible period of power of alienation under trust, future interest

14. a. (1) A future interest or trust is void if it suspends the power of alienation for longer than the permissible period. The power of alienation is the power to convey to another an absolute fee in possession of land, or full ownership of personalty. The permissible period is within 21 years after the death of an individual or individuals then alive.

(2) If the settlor of a living trust has an unlimited power to revoke, the permissible period is computed from termination of that power.

(3) If a future property interest or trust is created by exercise of a power of appointment, the permissible period is computed from the time the power is exercised if the power is a general power exercisable in favor of the donee, the donee’s estate, the donee’s creditors or the creditors of the donee’s estate, whether or not it is exercisable in favor of others, and even if the general power is exercisable only by will; in the case of other powers the permissible period is computed from the time the power is created but facts at the time the power is exercised are considered in determining whether the power of alienation is suspended beyond the death of an individual or individuals alive at the time of creation of the power plus 21 years.

b. The power of alienation is suspended when there are no persons then alive who, alone or in combination with others, can convey an absolute fee in possession of land, or full ownership of personalty.

c. There is no suspension of the power of alienation by a trust or by equitable interests under a trust if the trustee has power to sell, either expressed or implied, or if there is an unlimited power to terminate in one or more persons then alive.

d. This section does not apply to limit any of the following:

(1) Transfers, outright or in trust, for charitable purposes;

(2) Transfers to one or more charitable organizations as described in Sections 170(c), 2055(a) and 2522(a) of the United States Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. ss. 170(c), 2055(a) and 2522(a), or under any similar statute;

(3) A future interest or a power of appointment arising out of a nondonative transfer, except a nonvested property interest or a power of appointment arising out of:

(a) a premarital or postmarital agreement;

(b) a separation or divorce settlement;

(c) a spouse’s election;

(d) a similar arrangement arising out of a prospective, existing, or previous marital relationship between the parties;

(e) a contract to make or revoke a will or trust;

(f) a contract to exercise or not to exercise a power of appointment;

(g) a transfer in satisfaction of a duty of support; or

(h) a reciprocal transfer;

(4) Transfers to a trust or other property arrangement forming part of a pension, profit-sharing, stock bonus, health, disability, death benefit, income deferral, or other current or deferred benefit plan for one or more employees, independent contractors, or their beneficiaries or spouses, to which contributions are made for the purpose of distributing to or for the benefit of the participants or their beneficiaries or spouses the property, income, or principal in the trust or other property arrangement; or

(5) A property interest, power of appointment, or arrangement that was not subject to the common-law rule against perpetuities or is excluded by another statute of this State.

L.1999,c.159,s.14.

46:2F-11 Applicability of C.46:2F-9 through C.46:2F-11 to property interests, powers of appointment

15. a. Except as provided in subsection b. of this section, sections 13 through 15 of this amendatory and supplementary act apply to:

(1) a future property interest or a power of appointment that is created on or after the effective date of this act; or

(2) a future property interest or a power of appointment created before the effective date of this act pursuant to the laws of any other state that does not have the rule against perpetuities in force and to which, after the effective date of this act, the laws of this State are made applicable by transfer of the situs of a trust to New Jersey, by a change in the law governing a trust instrument to New Jersey law, or otherwise. For purposes of this section only, a future property interest or a power of appointment is created when the power is irrevocably exercised or when a revocable exercise becomes irrevocable.

b. With respect to a nonvested property interest or a power of appointment created before the effective date of this act, which is determined in a judicial proceeding commenced on or after the effective date of this act, to violate this State’s rule against perpetuities as that rule existed before the effective date of this act, a court upon the petition of an interested person may reform the disposition in the manner that most closely approximates the transferor’s manifested plan of distribution and is within the limits of the rule against perpetuities applicable when the nonvested property interest or power of appointment was created. The “rule against perpetuities” as used in this subsection shall mean the provisions of sections 1 through 8 of P.L.1991. c.192 (C.46:2F-1 through 42:2F-8), in effect at the time stated herein, notwithstanding the repeal of those sections by this amendatory and supplementary act.

L.1999,c.159,s.15.

NEW JERSEY STATUTES
TITLE 46 PROPERTY
SUBTITLE 2 REAL PROPERTY ONLY
CHAPTER 3 ESTATES AND INTERESTS IN REAL PROPERTY AND ALIENATION THEREOF IN GENERAL

46:3-9. Conveyance of uses (statute of uses)

Every person, to whom the use or uses of any real estate within this state have been sold, given, limited, granted, released or conveyed by deed, grant or any other legal conveyance whatsoever, or that shall hereafter be granted by any deed or conveyance whatsoever, and his heirs and assigns, shall be held to be in as full and ample possession of such real estate, to all intents, constructions and purposes, as if such person, his heirs and assigns, were possessed thereof by solemn livery of seizin and possession, any usage or custom to the contrary notwithstanding.

NEW JERSEY STATUTES
TITLE 46 PROPERTY
SUBTITLE 2 REAL PROPERTY ONLY
CHAPTER 4 SHORT FORM DEEDS AND COVENANTS

46:4-1. Short form deed

A deed may be made in the following form or to the same effect:

“This deed made the day of , in the year , between (here insert names and residences of parties);

Witnesseth: That in consideration of (here state the consideration), the said doth (or do) grant and convey unto the said all, et cetera (here describe the property and insert covenants or any other provisions);

In Witness Whereof the said party of the first part ha hereunto set hand and seal the day and year first above written;

Signed, sealed and delivered .

In the presence of .”

46:4-2 “the said covenants” construed

When a deed uses the words “the said covenants” , such covenant shall have the same effect as if it was expressed to be by the covenantor, for himself, his heirs, personal representatives and assigns, and shall be deemed to be with the covenantee, his heirs, personal representatives and assigns.

46:4-3 Covenant of seizin

A covenant by the grantor in a deed “that he is lawfully seized of the said land” , shall have the same effect as if he had covenanted, promised and granted to and with the grantee, his heirs and assigns, that at the time of the sealing and delivery of the deed, he, the said grantor, was seized in his own right of an absolute and indefeasible estate of inheritance in fee simple, of and in all and singular the premises thereby granted, with the appurtenances.

46:4-4 Covenant as to right to convey

A covenant by the grantor in a deed “that he has the right to convey the said land to the grantee” , shall have the same effect as if the grantor had covenanted that he has good right, full power and absolute authority to grant, bargain, sell and convey the said land, with all the buildings thereon, and the privileges and appurtenances thereunto belonging unto the grantee, his heirs and assigns forever, in the manner in which the same is conveyed, or intended so to be by the deed, and according to its true intent.

46:4-5 Covenants as to quiet possession and freedom from encumbrances

A covenant by the grantor in a deed “that the grantee shall have quiet possession of the said land” , shall have as much effect as if he had covenanted that the grantee, his heirs and assigns, might, at any and all times thereafter, peaceably and quietly enter upon, and have, hold, use and occupy, possess and enjoy the land conveyed by the deed, or intended so to be, with all the buildings thereon, and the privileges and appurtenances thereto belonging, and receive and take the rents and profits thereof, to and for his and their use and benefit without any let, suit, eviction, interruption, claim or demand whatever of the grantor, his heirs or assigns, or any other person or persons whomsoever, lawfully claiming or to claim the same.

If, to such covenant, there be added “free from all encumbrances” , such words shall have as much effect as if the words “and that the said premises are free and clear, and freely and clearly acquitted and discharged of and from all former mortgages, judgments, executions, and of and from all other encumbrances whatever” .

46:4-6 Covenant as to grantor’s acts

A covenant by the grantor in a deed “that he has done no act to encumber the said lands” , shall have the same effect as if he covenanted that he had not done or executed, or knowingly suffered to be done or executed, any act, deed or thing whereby the lands and premises conveyed, or intended so to be or any part thereof, are or will be changed, charged, altered, affected, defeated, or encumbered in title, estate or otherwise.

46:4-7 Covenant of general warranty

A covenant by the grantor in a deed “that he will warrant generally the property hereby conveyed” , shall have the same effect as if the grantor covenanted that he, his heirs and personal representatives, will forever warrant and defend the said property unto the grantee, his heirs, personal representatives and assigns, against the claims and demands of all persons whomsoever.

46:4-8 Covenant of special warranty

A covenant by the grantor in a deed “that he will warrant specially the property hereby conveyed” , shall have the same effect as if the grantor had covenanted that he, his heirs and personal representatives, will forever warrant and defend the said property unto the grantee, his heirs, personal representatives and assigns, against the claims and demands of the grantor and all persons claiming or to claim by, through, or under him.

46:4-9 “With general warranty” , “with special warranty” construed

The words “with general warranty” in the granting part of any deed shall be deemed to be a covenant by the grantor “that he will warrant generally the property hereby conveyed” . The words “with special warranty” in the granting part of a deed shall be deemed to be a covenant by the grantor “that he will warrant specially the property hereby conveyed” .

46:4-10 Covenant as to further assurances

A covenant by the grantor in a deed “that he will execute such further assurances of the said lands as may be requisite” , shall have the same effect as if he had covenanted that he, his heirs or personal representatives, will, at any time, upon any reasonable request at the charge of the grantee, his heirs or assigns, do, execute, or cause to be done or executed, all such further acts, deeds and things for the better, more perfectly and absolutely conveying and assuring the said lands and premises thereby conveyed or intended so to be, unto the grantee, his heirs and assigns, in the manner aforesaid as by the grantee, his heirs or assigns, his or their counsel in law, shall be reasonably devised, advised or required.

46:4-11 Deeds or covenants not conforming to statutory short forms

Any deed or part of a deed which shall fail to take effect by virtue of sections 46:4-1 to 46:4-10 of this title, shall, nevertheless, be as valid and effectual and shall bind the parties thereto, so far as the rules of law and equity will permit, as if the sections herein mentioned had not been enacted.

NEW JERSEY STATUTES
TITLE 46 PROPERTY
SUBTITLE 2 REAL PROPERTY ONLY
CHAPTER 5 QUITCLAIM DEEDS

Whenever, in any deed heretofore or hereafter executed and recorded, there shall have been or may be used the words “the grantor releases to the said grantee”, or the words “the grantor does remise, release and forever quitclaim unto the said grantee”, or the words “the grantor does grant and release to the said grantee”, such deed shall be hereafter construed, unless a contrary intention shall be set forth, as though it set forth that “the grantor does grant and convey unto the said ____________”.

46:5-2 “Grantor” , “grantee” , “release” construed

Whenever in any deed there shall be used the words “the grantor (or the said ) releases to the said grantee (or the said ) all his claims upon the said lands” , such deed shall be construed as if it set forth that “the grantor (or releasor) hath remised, released, and forever quitclaimed, and by these presents doth remise, release and forever quitclaim unto the grantee (or releasee), his heirs and assigns, all right, title and interest whatsoever, both at law and in equity, in or to the lands and premises granted (or released) or intended so to be, so that neither he, nor his personal representatives, his heirs or assigns, shall at any time thereafter have, claim, challenge or demand the said lands and premises, or any part thereof, in any manner whatever” .

46:5-3 Conveyance by quitclaim without reservation in favor of grantor; effect as conveyance by deed of bargain and sale; grantee bona fide purchaser

Any conveyance or instrument executed and delivered after July fourth, one thousand nine hundred and thirty-one, which shall purport to remise, release or quitclaim to the grantee therein any claim to or estate or interest in the lands described therein, there being nothing in such conveyance or instrument which indicates an intent on the part of the grantor therein to reserve to himself any part of his claim to or estate or interest therein, shall be effectual to pass all the estate which the grantor could lawfully convey by deed of bargain and sale, and the grantee in such conveyance or instrument shall be presumed to be a bona fide purchaser to the same extent as would be the grantee in a deed of bargain and sale.

46:5-4 Conveyance by quitclaim with reservation in favor of grantor; effect as conveyance by deed of bargain and sale; grantee bona fide purchaser

Whenever any conveyance or instrument executed and delivered after July fourth, one thousand nine hundred and thirty-one, shall purport to remise, release or quitclaim any claim to or estate or interest in the lands described therein, except as to such claim to or estate or interest in such lands as shall be therein particularly reserved to the grantor therein, such conveyance or instrument shall be effectual to pass all the estate which the grantor could lawfully convey by deed of bargain and sale, except such part of the claim to or estate or interest therein which is particularly reserved to the grantor therein, and the grantee in such conveyance or instrument shall be presumed to be a bona fide purchaser to the same extent as would be the grantee in a deed of bargain and sale.

46:5-5 Conveyance by quitclaim prior to July 4, 1931; effect after record as conveyance by deed of bargain and sale; exceptions

Whenever any conveyance or instrument executed and delivered prior to July fourth, one thousand nine hundred and thirty-one, shall have purported to remise, release or quitclaim to the grantee therein any claim to or estate or interest in the lands described therein, such conveyance or instrument shall, if the same shall have been, or shall after said date be, acknowledged or proved and recorded with the same formality and in the same manner as was or is required at the date of the execution and delivery thereof or at the date of the record thereof for the making, executing, acknowledging or proving of deeds of bargain and sale, be effectual to pass all the estate which the grantor could lawfully convey by deed of bargain and sale, except such claim to or estate or interest in the affected lands as shall have been particularly reserved to the grantor therein.

If, however, the grantor or anyone claiming title through him in any such conveyance or instrument, shall not, prior to or within one year after July fourth, one thousand nine hundred and thirty-one, have instituted some appropriate action against his grantee, or some one claiming title through such grantee, to have the effect of such conveyance or instrument construed and held to operate in some other manner than in this section provided, and shall not, prior to or within one year after July fourth, one thousand nine hundred and thirty-one, file a notice of the pendency of such action as provided by sections 2:26-27 to 2:26-39 of the title Administration of Civil and Criminal Justice, such grantor, or anyone claiming title through him, shall forever, after one year from July fourth, one thousand nine hundred and thirty-one, be barred from any claim, estate or interest which shall pass under and by virtue of the force and effect given to such conveyance or instrument by the provisions of this section; but, if such grantor, or anyone claiming title through him, shall have complied with the provisions of this section as to the institution of action and the filing lis pendens, any such conveyance or instrument as was or is involved in any such action shall be construed and held to operate in accordance with the final judgment or decree of the court in which such action shall have been instituted, or in accordance with the judgment or decree of any appellate court to which such judgment or decree shall have been or eventually may be carried.

46:5-6 Conveyance by quitclaim and record thereof as evidence; validity as to subsequent judgment creditors, purchasers and mortgagees

Every conveyance or instrument which shall purport to remise, release or quitclaim to the grantee therein any claim to or estate or interest in the real estate described therein, made and executed prior to or after July fourth, one thousand nine hundred and thirty-one, and which has been acknowledged or proved by the grantor therein with the same formality and in the same manner as is required by the laws of this state for the making, executing and acknowledging or proving of deeds of bargain and sale, shall be received in evidence in any court of this state, as shall the record thereof, if such conveyance or instrument shall have been first recorded in the office of the county recording officer of the county wherein the described real estate is situate; and every such conveyance or instrument shall, until duly recorded or lodged for record in the office of the county recording officer of the county in which the affected real estate is situate, be void and of no effect against subsequent judgment creditors without notice, and against all subsequent bona fide purchasers and mortgagees for valuable consideration, not having notice thereof, whose deed or mortgage shall have been first duly recorded; but every such conveyance or instrument shall be valid and operative, although not recorded, except as against such judgment creditors, purchasers and mortgagees.

46:5-7 Liberal construction as to grantee and strict construction against grantor

Sections 46:5-3 to 46:5-6 of this title shall be construed as remedial, and shall be construed liberally in favor of the grantee and strictly against the grantor in any deed or instrument mentioned therein.

46:5-8 Intention in enactment of sections 46:5-3 to 46:5-6

Nothing in sections 46:5-3 to 46:5-6 of this title contained shall be deemed to show an intent on the part of the legislature to determine that it was not, prior to July fourth, one thousand nine hundred and thirty-one, the law that a conveyance or instrument purporting to remise, release or quitclaim to the grantee therein was effectual to pass all the estate which the grantor could lawfully convey by deed of bargain and sale.

46:5-9 Registered mortgages not affected

Nothing in sections 46:5-3 to 46:5-6 of this title contained shall be construed to affect or impair the effect of any mortgage registered as provided by chapter 17 of this title (s. 46:17-1 et seq.).

NEW JERSEY STATUTES
TITLE 46 PROPERTY
SUBTITLE 2 REAL PROPERTY ONLY
CHAPTER 6 INSTRUMENTS EXECUTED PURSUANT TO POWERS OF ATTORNEY

46:6-1. Transfers, leases, assurances and conveyances pursuant to letters of agency, powers of attorney or other powers or authorities

All deeds, grants, sales, leases, assurances, or other conveyances whatsoever, heretofore made by virtue of letters of agency, powers of attorney, or other powers or authorities whatsoever, and entered on the public books of records of the province of New Jersey or the public books of records of the eastern or western divisions thereof, prior to July fourth, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six, whereby any real estate whatsoever within this state or province were granted, sold, conveyed, assured, released, or transferred to any person pursuant to such powers and authorities whatsoever, shall be, and are hereby declared as good, valid and sufficient title in law, to all intents, constructions and purposes whatsoever, unto the grantees therein, and to their heirs and assigns, as if the constituent or constituents had then and there sold and conveyed such real estate, and had executed deeds according to the true intent and meaning of such grants, deeds or conveyances, and such grants, deeds or conveyances shall be of force against, conclude and bind all and every the constituents, employers, grantors of such powers and authorities, and their and all and every of their heirs, and all and every other person or persons claiming or to claim estate from or under them, or any of them, severally and respectively and when any real estate heretofore has been or hereafter shall be sold, conveyed or disposed of by virtue of any such powers or authorities as aforesaid, such powers or authorities having been first acknowledged or proved and certified and entered upon the public records in the books appropriate therefor in the proper record offices of this state, the grants and conveyances, deeds and instruments made pursuant to the powers thereby granted shall be as good, valid and sufficient titles against all and every the constituents, employers and grantors of such powers and authorities, against all claiming or to claim estate under them severally and respectively as aforesaid, as if the constituent or constituents had then and there sold and conveyed the same real estate.

46:6-2 Informalities or irregularities in conveyances executed by agent under power

Whenever an attorney, authorized to execute and deliver conveyances of real estate has failed, prior to March twenty-third, one thousand eight hundred and eighty-three, to convey the title of his principal thereto as he was authorized to convey the same, by reason of any informality or irregularity in the recitals or subject matter contained in the deed or conveyance, or by reason of any informality or irregularity in the execution thereof, although it was the intention of such attorney to convey a good title to the same, such informality or irregularity shall not affect the title intended to be so conveyed, but such deed or conveyance shall convey the title of the principal in and to such real estate as effectually as though such informality or irregularity did not exist, and as though the principal had himself executed such deed or conveyance.

46:6-3 Conveyances under powers of attorney not recorded

Whenever any deed to or conveyance of real estate in this state shall purport to have been executed by virtue of any letter of attorney, and such deed or conveyance shall have been properly acknowledged and recorded, the recital of the letter of attorney in such deed or conveyance shall be prima facie proof of the existence thereof, notwithstanding the same may not be recorded, but only when such deed or conveyance shall have been recorded at least ten years, and the person claiming thereunder shall take and subscribe an oath that he has seen such letter of attorney so recited, which oath shall be recorded in the office of the county recording officer of the county wherein such real estate is situate, in the book therein provided for the recording of powers of attorney.

46:6-6 Letters of attorney considered unrevoked until revoked by recorded instrument or death of principal

All letters of attorney for any sale, conveyance, assurance, lease, acquittance or release hereafter duly executed and recorded in accordance with the provisions of section 46:16-1 of the Revised Statutes shall be considered as unrevoked and as remaining in full force and effect in accordance with the terms thereof unless and until the letters of attorney are revoked by the principal by an instrument duly executed and recorded in accordance with the provisions of section 46:16-2 of the Revised Statutes, except that nothing herein contained shall continue in effect any letters of attorney revoked by the death of the principal.

L.1950, c. 306, p. 1041, s. 1, eff. July 6, 1950.

NEW JERSEY STATUTES
TITLE 46 PROPERTY
SUBTITLE 2 REAL PROPERTY ONLY
CHAPTER 7 CORPORATIONS, ASSOCIATIONS, SOCIETIES OR OTHER ORGANIZATIONS
ARTICLE 1. CONVEYANCES BY OR TO CORPORATIONS, ETC.

46:7-1. Deed of confirmation

Whenever a corporation or association, created under any law of this State, shall have made, during its corporate existence, a deed or conveyance of real estate in this State, or of an interest therein, and thereafter shall have ceased to exist by reason of dissolution, death of its members or otherwise, and it shall be discovered that an error exists in such deed or conveyance, any surviving president, vice-president, director or trustee of such defunct corporation or association may, by deed of confirmation, containing a proper recital, correct the error in the original deed or conveyance. If no one of the surviving officers hereinbefore named be living, the oldest adult child, or, if there be none living, the oldest adult grandchild of any such president, vice-president, last surviving director or trustee may make such deed of confirmation. Prior to the making of any such deed of confirmation, the person claiming to be entitled to the benefit of this section shall institute an action in the Superior Court, against any person within or without the State hereby authorized to make the deed of confirmation. The court may proceed therein in a summary manner or otherwise and, after considering the nature of the error or defect in the original deed or conveyance, and the relief sought, may, if convinced of the merit of the action, direct the proper person to execute and acknowledge the confirmatory deed.

If the person so directed to execute the confirmatory deed shall fail to comply with the judgment of the court within twenty days after the service of a certified copy thereof, the court making the judgment may, upon proof thereof, appoint a commissioner to execute the confirmatory deed.

The costs of the action shall be chargeable to the plaintiff.

A confirmatory deed executed and acknowledged or proved in accordance with the terms of this section shall be as valid and effective as if duly made, executed and acknowledged or proved under the corporate seal of such corporation or association during the period of its corporate existence.

Amended 1953,c.44,s.3; 1987,c.357,s.2.

46:7-2 Deed of conveyance

Where any conveyance of real estate has been, prior to April 6, 1915, made, executed and recorded, in which conveyance it shall appear that the persons therein named as grantees have taken the title to such real estate in behalf of or in the interest of any unincorporated religious association, society, meeting, congregation or organization, upon condition that the real estate so granted and conveyed shall be held in trust for any specific uses and purposes, and such association, society, meeting, congregation or organization shall have thereafter become incorporated as a religious society under the laws of this State, any surviving person or persons named in such conveyance as a grantee may, by deed of conveyance, containing a proper recital, convey the real estate mentioned in the original conveyance to the religious association, society, meeting, congregation or organization, in behalf of which or in whose interest title to the same was taken, in its present corporate name. If there shall be no such surviving grantee, the oldest adult child, or adult grandchild if such child be deceased, of such last surviving grantee may make the deed of conveyance herein provided for.

Any deed of conveyance, made by any surviving grantee or grantees, or oldest adult child or adult grandchild of the last surviving grantee, shall be as valid and effectual in law as if made and executed by the grantees named in such original conveyance, and the title to such real estate shall thereby vest in the incorporated religious association, society, meeting, congregation or organization, as effectually as if the same had been incorporated at the time of the original conveyance and had taken title to such real estate directly in its corporate name.

Amended 1987,c.357,s.3.

46:7-3 Statements curing defects in designation of corporate grantees

When a conveyance of real estate or an interest therein is made to a religious society or corporation or an association not for pecuniary profit, incorporated under any general or special law of this state, and such conveyance fails to state correctly the corporate name or designation of the grantee society, corporation or association, but the intention of the grantor is manifested by the use, in such conveyance, of the principal words of the corporate name or designation of such society, corporation or association, and such society, corporation or association has entered into possession and occupation of the conveyed real estate, it may file in the office of the county recording officer of the county in which such real estate is situate a statement setting forth the date of such conveyance, the date of its recording and the number and page of the book of record thereof, the name of the grantor, a description of the property conveyed, the erroneous title or designation of such society, corporation or association as expressed in the conveyance, together with the correct title or designation thereof. Such statement shall be verified by any duly authorized officer of such society, corporation or association, before an officer authorized to take acknowledgments or proofs of deeds.

Such statement, when filed, shall be recorded by the county recording officer in a book to be by him kept for that purpose, and, when so filed and recorded, shall vest in such society, corporation or association as good and perfect a title to the real estate or interest so conveyed as though the same had been conveyed by a proper corporate name or designation; and such statement, so filed and recorded, or duly certified copies thereof, shall be received as evidence in any of the courts of this state.

For recording statements pursuant to this section the county recording officer shall receive the same fees as are allowed by law for recording deeds.

46:7-4 Perfecting title to real estate conveyed to church prior to completion of organization thereof

If the trustees of any intended church organization, which has not been perfected according to law, shall have taken title to real estate in their own names, or in their own names as trustees of such intended organization, and such intended organization has afterwards perfected its organization according to law, by the same or any other name, such trustees, or the survivors or survivor of them, may and shall convey, by good and sufficient deed or deeds in the law, all their right, title and interest in such real estate to the trustees of such perfected organization, whether the same shall have been perfected prior to March twenty-fifth, one thousand eight hundred and eighty-one, or thereafter by the same name or by any other name than the one originally intended; and, when such real estate shall have been so conveyed, such perfected organization shall have the same as fully and completely as though such organization had been originally perfected according to law.

46:7-5 Conveyances to religious societies prior to incorporation valid after incorporation

Where any conveyance of real estate has been made, executed and recorded in favor of any religious society, association or corporation of this state, as the grantee therein, and such religious society, corporation or association has failed to record and file the proper certificate of incorporation in the manner prescribed by Title 16, Corporations and Associations, Religious, or by any law in force at the time when any such society, corporation or association was incorporated or attempted to be incorporated, until after the making and execution of such conveyance and the recording thereof, any and all such conveyances shall be as valid and effectual in law as if made, executed and delivered to such religious society, association or corporation after the filing and recording of the proper certificate of incorporation and as if made to such religious society, association or corporation during the period of its corporate existence; and the record of any such conveyance so made to any such religious society, association or corporation prior to the recording and filing of its certificate of incorporation as aforesaid shall be of the same force and effect as if the conveyance had been made, executed and recorded subsequent to the recording and filing of such certificate of incorporation, and shall be admissible in evidence as fully and completely for all purposes as if such conveyances had been made and recorded during the corporate existence of such society, association or corporation.

46:7-6 Conveyances to clubs prior to incorporation valid after incorporation

Where any club, society, association or other body has failed, although required by law so to do, to execute, record and file a lawful and proper certificate of incorporation in the manner provided by Title 15, Corporations and Associations Not for Profit, or by any law in force at the time when any such club, society or body was incorporated or attempted to be incorporated until after the making, execution and recording of any conveyance of real estate to or in favor thereof, as grantee therein, every such conveyance shall be as valid and effectual in law as if made, executed and recorded thereto after the making, recording and filing of a lawful and proper certificate of incorporation, and as if made to such club, society, association or other body during the period of its lawful corporate existence; and the record of any such conveyance so made to any such club, society, association or other body prior to the making, recording and filing of its certificate of incorporation as aforesaid shall be of the same force and effect as if such conveyance had been made, executed and recorded subsequently to the making, recording and filing of such certificate of incorporation, and shall be admissible as evidence as fully and completely for all purposes as if such conveyances had been made and recorded during the proper and lawful corporate existence of such club, society, association or other body.

This section shall not apply to clubs, societies, associations or other bodies in this state incorporated prior to April twenty-first, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-eight; nor shall it apply to any club, society, association or other body unless the same shall first make, execute and record and file a certificate of incorporation in the manner provided by Title 15, Corporations and Associations Not for Profit, under the corporate title, named and set forth in any such conveyance made prior to its incorporation.

46:7-7 Conveyances to lodges prior to incorporation valid after incorporation

Where any conveyance of real estate has, prior to January 2, 1964, been made, executed and recorded to or in favor of any lodge, subordinate lodge, society, or other body or association not incorporated at the time of such conveyance, whose members shall have entered into the possession and enjoyment of such real estate, such conveyance shall, if such lodge, subordinate lodge, society or other body or association shall thereafter make, execute and record and file a certificate of incorporation in the manner provided by Title 15, Corporations and Associations Not for Profit, under the title named and set forth in such conveyance of real estate be as valid and effectual as if such lodge, subordinate lodge, society or other body or association had been a duly incorporated body at the time of the execution and recording of any such conveyance.

Amended by L.1965, c. 156, s. 1.

46:7-8 Grants, conveyances or devises to or in trust for associations not for profit prior to incorporation thereof

Whenever real estate has been, prior to March thirtieth, one thousand nine hundred and thirty-one, granted, conveyed or devised to associations not for pecuniary profit or to any person or persons as officers, trustees or otherwise on behalf of or in the interest of any such association, upon condition that such real estate so granted, conveyed or devised shall be held in trust for specific uses and purposes, or the rents, issues and profits thereof be appropriated to specific uses and purposes, and such associations, or the persons acting in behalf thereof, were not, at the time of making such grant, conveyance or devise, an incorporated body, but shall have subsequently become an incorporated body in the manner provided by “An act to incorporate associations not for profit” approved April twenty-first, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-eight, and the acts amendatory thereof and supplementary thereto, the title to the real estate so granted, conveyed or devised as aforesaid, shall vest in the incorporated association as effectually as if it had been incorporated at the time of such grant, conveyance or devise, and such grant, conveyance or devise had been made directly to the incorporated association, and the incorporated association shall have the same right to convey such real estate as the unincorporated association, or the person or persons to whom such grant, conveyance or devise was made as officers or otherwise on behalf of or in the interest of such unincorporated association, and any deed made by such incorporated association, its trustees or officers, shall be valid and effectual in law.

NEW JERSEY CASE LAW

In every contract for the sale of lands an agreement is implied to make good title unless that liability is expressly excluded. Grant v. Olsen, 101 N.J. 487 (1927)

An agreement to convey means the conveyance in fee unless it appears the parties intended to contract on the basis of a lesser estate. Where an agreement for the sale of lands does not mention the character of the title to be given, an implication ordinarily arises that the title to be conveyed is to be a good one, free from encumbrances. Id.

Pending the completion of an enforceable executory contract for the sale of land, the land is regarded in equity as converted into personalty from the time of the execution of the contract. Butterer v. Santoro, 94 A.2d 525 (1953)

 

Related New Jersey Legal Forms

 


Inside New Jersey Contract for Deed Law