Contract for Deed – General – South Carolina
Related South Carolina Legal Forms
SOUTH CAROLINA CODE
TITLE 27. PROPERTY AND CONVEYANCES
CHAPTER 7. FORM AND EXECUTION OF CONVEYANCES
§ 27-7-10. Form of conveyance of fee simple; witnesses.
The following form or purport of a release shall, to all intents and purposes, be valid and effectual to carry from one person to another or others the fee simple of any land or real estate if it shall be executed in the presence of and be subscribed by two or more credible witnesses:
“The State of South Carolina.
“Know all men by these presents that I, A B, of _, in the State aforesaid, in consideration of the sum of _ dollars, to me in hand paid by C D of _ County, State of _, the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged, have granted, bargained, sold and released and by these presents do grant, bargain, sell and release unto the said C D all that (here describe the premises), together with all and singular the rights, members, hereditaments and appurtenances to said premises belonging or in any wise incident or appertaining; to have and to hold all and singular the premises before mentioned unto said C D, his heirs and assigns, forever. And I do hereby bind myself, my heirs, executors, and administrators, to warrant and forever defend all and singular said premises unto said C D, his heirs and assigns, against myself and my heirs and against every person whomsoever lawfully claiming or to claim the same, or any part thereof.
“Witness my hand and seal this _ day of _ in the year of our Lord _ and in the _ year of the independence of the United States of America. “_ [L.S.]”
HISTORY: 1962 Code Section 57-251; 1952 Code Section 57-251; 1942 Code Section 8694; 1932 Code Section 8694; Civ. C. ’22 Section 5216; Civ. C. ’12 Section 3453; Civ. C. ’02 Section 2367; G. S. 1775; R. S. 1886; 1795 (5) 255; 1899 (23) 48; 1936 (39) 1301.
§ 27-7-20 Warranty and additional clauses in conveyances.
Section 27-7-10 shall be so construed as not to oblige any person to insert the clause of warranty or to restrain him from inserting any other clause in conveyances, as may be deemed proper and advisable by the purchaser and seller, or to invalidate the forms formerly in use within this State.
HISTORY: 1962 Code Section 57-252; 1952 Code Section 57-252; 1942 Code Section 8694; 1932 Code Section 8694; Civ. C. ’22 Section 5216; Civ. C. ’12 Section 3453; Civ. C. ’02 Section 2367; G. S. 1775; R. S. 1886; 1795 (5) 255; 1899 (23) 48; 1936 (39) 1301.
§ 27-7-30 Omission of seal
Whenever it shall appear from the attestation clause or from the other parts of any instrument in writing that it was the intention of the party or parties thereto that such instrument should be a sealed instrument, such instrument shall be construed to be, and shall have the effect of, a sealed instrument, although no seal be actually attached thereto.
HISTORY: 1962 Code Section 57-253; 1952 Code Section 57-253; 1942 Code Section 8694; 1932 Code Section 8694; Civ. C. ’22 Section 5216; Civ. C. ’12 Section 3453; Civ. C. ’02 Section 2367; G. S. 1775; R. S. 1886; 1795 (5) 255; 1899 (23) 48; 1936 (39) 1301.
§ 27-7-40 Creation of joint tenancy; filing; severance
(a) In addition to any other methods for the creation of a joint tenancy in real estate which may exist by law, whenever any deed of conveyance of real estate contains the names of the grantees followed by the words “as joint tenants with rights of survivorship, and not as tenants in common” the creation of a joint tenancy with rights of survivorship in the real estate is conclusively deemed to have been created. This joint tenancy includes, and is limited to, the following incidents of ownership:
(i) In the event of the death of a joint tenant, and in the event only one other joint tenant in the joint tenancy survives, the entire interest of the deceased joint tenant in the real estate vests in the surviving joint tenant, who is vested with the entire interest in the real estate owned by the joint tenants.
(ii) In the event of the death of a joint tenant survived by more than one joint tenant in the real estate, the entire interest of the deceased joint tenant vests equally in the surviving joint tenants who continues to own the entire interest owned by them as joint tenants with right of survivorship.
(iii) The fee interest in real estate held in joint tenancy may not be encumbered by a joint tenant acting alone without the joinder of the other joint tenant or tenants in the encumbrance.
(iv) If all the joint tenants who own real estate held in joint tenancy join in an encumbrance, the interest in the real estate is effectively encumbered to a third party or parties.
(v) If real estate is owned by only two joint tenants, a conveyance by one joint tenant to the other joint tenant terminates the joint tenancy and conveys the fee in the real estate to the other joint tenant.
(vi) If real estate is owned by more than two joint tenants, a conveyance by one joint tenant to all the other joint tenants therein conveys his interest therein equally to the other joint tenants who continue to own the real estate as joint tenants with right of survivorship.
(vii) Any joint tenancy in real estate held by a husband and wife with no other joint tenants is severed upon the filing of an order or decree dissolving their marriage and vests the interest in both the parties as tenants in common, unless an order or decree of a court of competent jurisdiction otherwise provides.
(viii) The interest of any joint tenant in a joint tenancy in real estate sold or conveyed by a court of competent jurisdiction where otherwise permitted by law severs the joint tenancy, unless the order or decree of such court otherwise provides and vests title in the parties as tenants in common.
(ix) If real estate is owned by two or more joint tenants, a conveyance by all the joint tenants to themselves as tenants in common severs the joint tenancy and conveys the fee in the real estate to these individuals as tenants in common.
(b) The surviving joint tenant or tenants may, following the death of a joint tenant, file with the Register of Deeds of the county in which the real estate is located a certified copy of the certificate of death of the deceased joint tenant. The fee to be paid to the Register of Deeds for this filing is the same as the fee for the deed of conveyance. The Register of Deeds must index the certificate of death under the name of the deceased joint tenant in the grantor deed index of that office. The filing of the certificate of death is conclusive that the joint tenant is deceased and that the interest of the deceased joint tenant has vested by operation of law in the surviving joint tenant or tenants in the joint tenancy in real estate.
(c) Except as expressly provided herein, any joint tenancy severed pursuant to the terms of this section is and becomes a tenancy in common without rights of survivorship. Nothing contained in this section shall be construed to create the estate of tenancy by the entireties. Nothing contained in this section amends any statute relating to joint tenancy with rights of survivorship in personal property but affects only real estate. The provisions of this section must be liberally construed to carry out the intentions of the parties. This section supersedes any conflicting provisions of Section 62-2-804.
HISTORY: 2000 Act No. 398, Section 2; 2002 Act No. 362, Section 7.
SOUTH CAROLINA CODE
TITLE 27. PROPERTY AND CONVEYANCES
CHAPTER 11. CONFIRMATION OF TITLES
§ 27-11-30. Former patents, grants and deeds, indented or poll, shall be valid notwithstanding certain designated errors.
Such patents, grants and deeds, indented or poll, shall be held valid notwithstanding:
(1) Any misnomer or omission of the names of any of the lords proprietors or their deputies, any want of significant and necessary words in law for conveying of such lands, any omission, commission or mistake whatsoever in such grants done, omitted or committed by all or any of the lords proprietors, their deputies or trustees commissioned by the lords proprietors for selling of lands in this State;
(2) Any proper seal not being used or affixed by the proprietors, their governors, deputies, commissioners or trustees to any such patent, grant, indenture, deed or commission;
(3) The lands granted or conveyed, or intended to be granted and conveyed, by such patents, grants and deeds, indented or poll, have not been sufficiently described or ascertained in such patents, grants or deeds, indented or poll, if, nevertheless, such lands, or some part thereof, have been surveyed or meted out, or ascertained by survey to such patentees, grantees or purchasers or to their heirs or assigns or to the heirs or assigns of the persons named as assigns in grants or deeds of assignment of any such patents, grants or deeds or to any of their attorneys or agents in their behalf by a survey of a sworn surveyor or surveyors, as part of such patent lands, or certified or returned into the office of the late surveyor general (now Secretary of State), by a sworn surveyor or surveyors thereto appointed, or if such lands, or some part thereof, have been described or ascertained by subsequent grants thereof, to such original patentees, grantees or to persons named as such, their heirs or assigns, or to under-purchasers by mesne conveyances from such original patentees, grantees or assignees or persons named as such, their heirs or assigns, or to persons claiming under them as such, or to their attorneys or agents in their or any of their behalf before August 20, 1731;
(4) Any want of livery and seizin, enrollment, attornment or any other defect whatsoever in the execution of all or any such patents, grants or deeds, indented or poll, so made by the lords proprietors, or any of them, their governors, deputies or commissioners, in the not timely execution or for the nonexecution of the same, by reason of the first or former patentee or patentees dying before such lands were meted out to him or them, in part of such patents, or otherwise howsoever, if, nevertheless, the heir or heirs of the persons who were named as patentees or grantees, or purchasers in such patents, grants or deeds of assignment, or their heirs or assigns of such first or former patentee or patentees, or any person or persons whatsoever, claiming as such, under all or any of them, their agents or attorneys, did cause any part of such vacant and unoccupied lands to be meted out or ascertained to them, or any of them, their heirs or assigns, or persons named as such in such deeds of assignment, conveyances or last wills, or to their attorneys or agents in their behalf, by survey or surveys of a sworn surveyor or surveyors, or certified or returned into the late surveyor general’s office, for and in part of such patent lands before conveyed or intended to be conveyed by such original patents, grants, indentures or deeds; or
(5) Any other defect, omission or commission in form or substance, law or fact, in all or any such original patents, grants, indentures or deeds, or assignments of them, or in the execution thereof or any of them, if such lands, or some part of them, have been meted out or ascertained to such patentees, grantees or assigns or to persons named as such in any such patents, grants or deeds of assignment or to their attorneys or agents in their behalf or returned into the late surveyor general’s office as aforesaid, at any time before August 20, 1731.
HISTORY: 1962 Code Section 57-53; 1952 Code Section 57-53; 1942 Code Section 8682; 1932 Code Section 8682; Civ. C. ’22 Section 5204; Civ. C. ’12 Section 3441; Civ. C. ’02 Section 2355; G. S. 1763; R. S. 1874; 1731 (3) 298.
§ 27-11-60. Grants, deeds and the like before August 20, 1731 shall not be impeached for certain causes.
No grant, deed of feoffment, deed or bargain and sale, deed of gift or other conveyance of any lands or tenements whatsoever made prior to August 20, 1731 shall be impeached or set aside in any court of law or equity for want of attornment or of livery and seizin or enrollment thereof or because such conveyance has been made by way of assignment or endorsement on such deed or grant without other ceremony, nor for any other defect in the form or in the manner of the execution of such deed or grant or of the endorsement or assignment thereof, either by the first grantor or in any of the mesne conveyances derived therefrom, if the right was or would have been in the person conveying if such defects had not happened in the form of such grants, deeds or conveyances or in the manner of the execution of them as aforesaid.
HISTORY: 1962 Code Section 57-56; 1952 Code Section 57-56; 1942 Code Section 8685; 1932 Code Section 8685; Civ. C. ’22 Section 5207; Civ. C. ’12 Section 3444; Civ. C. ’02 Section 2358; G. S. 1766; R. S. 1876; 1731 (3) 302; 1712 (2) 434.
SOUTH CAROLINA CASE LAW
Courts of equity can relieve a defaulting purchaser from the strict forfeiture provision in an installment land contract and provide the opportunity for redemption when equity so demands. Lewis v. Premium Inv. Corp. 351 S.C. 167, (2002)
A variety of case-specific factors should be considered to determine if redemption under an installment land contract is equitable under the circumstances. Id.
It would appear beyond dispute that in a case of an agreement to buy and sell real estate, where the vendee defaults the vendor has a right to foreclose as in the case of a mortgage. The equitable title is in the vendee. The legal title is in the vendor. When such an action is brought to adjudicate the rights of the vendor and vendee, the vendor corresponds to the mortgagee and the vendee corresponds to the mortgagor. The court may sell the property and pay to the vendor the remaining amount of the purchase price, together with costs of the action, and interest in a proper case. Id.